5 Unforgettable Events of Ancient Ethiopia


Ancient Ethiopia is one of those places in Africa where a number of remarkable events has happened in the history of the country of Ethiopia. From the period of power vacuum to the time when King Menelik founded this great country, we at BuzzKenya.com have taken a look at some of these unforgettable events and have summarised them into a list of 5 Unforgettable Events of Ancient Ethiopia, here goes the list.

5 Never to be Forgotten Events of Ancient Ethiopia

1. The Development of the Greek Historian Herodotus


herodotus - ancient ethiopia

This is the main reason why ancient Ethiopia became famous those days. The wisest man on earth from history, King Solomon visited the great Ethiopia from Jerusalem and this makes the country one of the foundations of the biblical history when compared to other countries in the North Africa. At the same time, there was the spread of the Greek writings as well as the teachings in the country. Other scientists also believe that the Greeks who were living in Ancient Ethiopia first wrote the Old Testament and this makes the country one of the countries with more history to tell the whole world. Generally speaking, people believe that the biblical teachings started in Ancient Ethiopia. 

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2. King Menelik Founded the Ethiopian Empire



It is believed that King Menelik, who was  the son of Solomon and the Queen founded this country many years ago. Queen of Sheba’s place was located in the northern Ethiopia in the province known as Tigray. This place also formed the Axum, which was the home of the ark of covenant that King Menelik brought there from Jerusalem. In the same period, the missionaries in the 17th century thereafter introducing Christianity to the people of ancient Ethiopia that was a century before, the Islamic religion  was introduced in the country. In the same duration, the Portuguese captured the town to transform it to a Roman Catholicism. This led to the inter-religion fights within the country/empire leading to huge loss of lives of many people. The Ethiopians ultimately were taken away from the country.

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3. The period of Power Vacuum

Era of princes - ancient ethiopia

For about over 100 years, Ethiopian people had no center of power. This was called the “Era of the Princes”. This was marked by competition among the individual regional leaders who were controlling the country. This era also marked the breakdown of the Ethiopian empire in the 1780 with an aim of unifying people. In the year 1869, the Emperor Tewodros brought princes together with an attempt to stabilize the country’s political as well as economic status.

4. The Colonization of The Ethiopia


The Italian captured Ethiopia in the mid-1880s before a defeat in the Battle of Adwa, year 1896. This will remain one of the remarkable victories that African countries had over the colonial power. In the same year, king Zewditu died before the Italian invaded Ethiopia again to colonize. Haileselassie, the Ethiopian leader appealed to League of Nations, but the appeal was ignored. In the same year, he fled to UK on exile, where he spent 5 years until Ethiopian patriotic-resistance forces with the assistance of British defeated Italians before he returned home. During the period, the Ethiopians developed several groups that were helping them come up with the strategies on how they were going to defeat the colonialists. In the year, 1968, the colonist signed an agreement that they were going to pull out of Ethiopia to allow the leaders manage the country by themselves. This also brought joy among the citizens of the country since they knew that they would ultimately get to enjoy that freedom that their ancestors were enjoying.

5. Ethiopia Achieved its Independence

Ethiopian flag

Through their leader, Haileselassie, the country gained its independence 1st April 1974. In the same year, Haileselassie was sworn in as the Ethiopian leader. His role was to ensure that the country stabilises in terms of the economy as well as political maturity. In the same event, the country received several assistances from the international community to enable them start their development plans. In the year 1978, Transitional Government of ancient Ethiopia (TGE) was created from EPRDF as well as other political parties within the country with about 87 strong Council of Representatives working under a transitional constitution. In May 1991, The Eritrean People’s Liberation-front (EPLF), under leadership of Isaias Afworki assumed power of Eritrea immediately after separating from Ethiopia after 30 years of struggle before establishing a provisional government.

In conclusion, ancient Ethiopia is one of the African countries that is rich in history for other people around the world who may wish explore more about this celebrated country in Africa.