Nairobi is the capital city of Kenya, the most economically empowered country in the East of Africa. With the population of Nairobi reaching over 3 million, there cannot be any more lively place in Kenya. There are many interesting facts about Nairobi city which is also called the “green city in the sun”. Nairobi came into existence in 1899 when it was founded as a rail depot by the British that quickly grew to become the top destination for tea and coffee. Are you a Kenyan, a foreigner living in Kenya or you are planning to make a trip to Nairobi, learn some of the most interesting facts about the city of Nairobi.
See Also: 10 Most Interesting Facts About Tanzania
The city of Nairobi is located very close to Mombasa and Kampala at the coordinates of 1°17′S 36°49′E and occupies 696 square kilometers (270 sq mi). The Kenya mountain is located at the northern end of Nairobi while Mount Kilimanjaro is at the south-eastern end.
Facts About Nairobi City
Climate of Nairobi
The simple principle of climatology is that the higher you go, the cooler it becomes. Nairobi has the altitude that makes the weather cool unlike most other African countries where the blazing heat of the sun is felt as if the sun was upset for some unknown reasons. Nairobi’s temperature can be as low as 10 °C (50 °F) during the season in the months of June/July but between December and March, the weather becomes hot with temperatures averaging 24 °C (75 °F) making this period the hottest season in Nairobi and Kenya at large. You will need to take this into consideration if you are planning a trip to Nairobi.
Nairobi’s Kibera Slum
Nairobi is home to the second largest slum in Africa called the Kibera slum. It has about 150,000 people living there who live on less than a dollar per day. How they survive on such a negligible amount of income is still a mystery. It is estimated that the Kibera slum has one of the highest HIV/AIDS density in Kenya. With only very few schools which the inhabitants can hardly afford, literacy level is very low and assault and rape cases are quite high in the area.
Parks in Nairobi
Nairobi has a lot of amusement parks and the high rising buildings with large number of people in city has not compromised the beauty and availability of open spaces in the city surrounded by beautiful dense tree-cover. Among all the parks in Nairobi, the most popular one is the Uhuru Park which was opened to the general public by the late Mzee Jomo Kenyatta on 23 May 1969. It contains an artificial lake, several monuments of national interest with an assembly ground that is some times used for outdoor events like rallies and speeches.
Nairobi National Park is a national park in Kenya. The park was established in 1946, and is located about 7 km south of the centre of Nairobi. There is an electric fence separating the park’s wildlife from the metropolis but the closeness of the park to the city poses as a threat to the natural habitat of the wildlife and disrupts the migration route of the animals but on the other hand, the park has quite a variety of species. Nairobi National park comprises of a 113 sq kms of plains, cliffs and forest. The park is home to large herds of Zebra, Wildebeest, Buffalo, Giraffe and more. Rhino, Cheetah, and a large number of Lions are all found here, living wild within 20 minutes of the centre of town.
The Central Park is located just close to Uhuru Park, and includes a memorial monument for Jomo Kenyatta who was the first Kenyan president. Other notable open spaces include Jeevanjee Gardens, City Park, 7 August Memorial Park, and Nairobi Arboretum.
Crime in Nairobi, Kenya
The crime rate in Nairobi is quite high and often times, the government of various countries warn their citizens to travel with care.
Businesses in Nairobi
Among the animals and game reserves, Nairobi is a major business hub in Kenya and East Africa. It is the regional and national headquarters of various international business and organizations. Some other companies have their continental (African) headquarters in Nairobi including General Electric, Young & Rubicam, Google, Coca Cola, Zain, Cisco Systems etc. Nairobi is also a manufacturing city for products like building materials, processed foods, clothing and textiles, beverages, cigarettes etc.