Bacteria resistant to Antibiotics

Bacteria resistant to antibiotics, according to Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, was discovered in the US and it has become a threat to global public health.

A 70-year-old woman diagnosed with a bacteria infection dies of the bacterial strain after many doctors tried to find out the cure for her illness.

After series of tests, the doctors found it to be “resistant to all available antimicrobial drugs”, and the 70-year-old patient, unfortunately, died from the infection.

It was discovered from the test results that the bacteria resistant to antibiotics was said to be resistant to 26 anti-bacterial drugs and centres for disease control and prevention recently released a detailed report that highlights the significant threat that the emergence of highly resistant bacteria is becoming to global public health.

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After doctors had conducted the tests, they found out the woman was infected with a form of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae known as Klebsiella pneumoniae.

According to scientific findings, Klebsiella pneumoniae is a rod shaped bacterium that lives in the guts. Normally living in the gut without causing any issues, K. pneumoniae is opportunistic in its infection.

It seems that in the case of the woman in this latest report, the infection entered the bone after a femur fracture in India, and then subsequently spread to her hip.

Meanwhile, the woman returned from an extended trip to India before she was diagnosed with an infected swelling in her right hip.

Reports have it that by the time she arrived at the hospital in Reno, Nevada the infection had spread, causing inflammation throughout her body as her immune system tried to tackle the particularly virulent strain.

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But series of tests found that it was resistant to all antibiotics currently available for use in the United States, the patient eventually succumbed to septic shock and died.

However, it is unlikely that she contracted the highly resistant bacteria in the US. With the amount of time she spent in India, and the extended periods she spent hospitalized over there during the preceding two years, the authors of the report suggest that she probably picked up the infection abroad.

These so-called “superbugs” are becoming increasingly common in India, and with the relative ease that people can now travel, the threat of the bacteria spreading is also increasing.

The report also advised that medical practitioners should pay more attention to where patients have been treated previously and should also conduct tests accordingly to ascertain the real sickness or cause of sickness before engaging in treatment.

This is not the first time of having a bacteria resistant to antibiotics found in the United States but this particular case is of rare occurrence.

Scientists have been working on producing new antibiotics since the past few decades as the number of resistant bacteria increases. Some have said we are entering into the post-antibiotic era.

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Individuals are advised, especially those who travel out to different countries, to be mindful of killer bacteria such as k. pneumoniae. Personal cleanliness must be enhanced if we must fight against resistant strains.

Healthcare facilities also must follow strict cleaning procedures to prevent the spread of Klebsiella. 

To prevent the spread of infections, patients also should clean their hands very often, including:

  • Before preparing or eating food
  • Before touching their eyes, nose, or mouth
  • Before and after changing wound dressings or bandages
  • After using the restroom
  • After blowing their nose, coughing, or sneezing
  • After touching hospital surfaces such as bed rails, bedside tables, doorknobs, remote controls, or the phone.