Photos of a little child born with a facial deformity and abandoned by his parents in a Kisumu hospital have emerged.
The child was apparently abandoned by his parents after they noticed the child had an indescribable facial deformity.
The child has been under the care of nurses at the Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Referral Hospital who on the other hand, have not revealed the child’s name.
What Are Birth Defects?
Birth Defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability.
Researchers have identified thousands of different birth defects but at the moment, birth defects are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life.
Pregnant women have some risk of delivering a child with a birth defect. This is mostly because of some environmental factors that a woman is exposed to during pregnancy, such as rubella or German measles while pregnant. Some can as well be caused by the use of drugs or alcohol during pregnancy.
Women with pre-existing medical conditions, such as diabetes, are also at a higher risk for having a child with a birth defect.
Birth defect risk increases under any of the following conditions:
- Family history of birth defects or other genetic disorders
- Drug use, alcohol consumption, or smoking during pregnancy
- Advanced maternal age of 35 years or older
- Inadequate prenatal care
- Untreated viral or bacterial infections, including sexually transmitted infections
- Use of certain high-risk medications such as isotretinoin and lithium
Meanwhile, birth defects may be caused by genetic problems or problems with chromosomes.
Functional birth defects are related to a problem with how a body part or body system works. These problems often lead to developmental disabilities and can include things such as nervous system or brain problems, sensory problems, metabolic disorders, and degenerative disorders.
However, treatments for birth defects vary by disorder.