The ranking for the performance of police released by the World Internal Security and Police Index (WISPI 2017) puts the Kenyan Police force among the top five worst performing in Africa.
The body which tries to measure the ability of the police of different countries and other security providers to address internal security, released its index report for the year 2017 listing out the top best and top worst both in Africa and in the world at large.
The index puts the Kenyan Police force at position 125 out of 127 in the world and the 4th worst in Africa.
Others on the list of worst performing is the Nigerian Police Force (NPF) which ranked the worst in Africa and the world, followed by Madagascar (10), Zambia (9), Ethiopia (8), Sierra Leone (7), Cameroun (6), Mozambique (5), Uganda (4), and DR Congo (2).
The World Internal Security & Police Index (WISPI) is composed of many indicators and a wide range of qualitative and quantitative data intended to rank countries according to states of internal security.
The index also measures the ability of police institutions worldwide to render effective security services as well as measuring public’s confidence in such services; rates on fear of crime; rates of crime victims and the indicators of police operations and activities.
This report follows a report from the 2017 biennial EY Fraud Survey which ranked Kenya the sixth most corrupt nation in the world and first in Africa.
Kenyan political and economic competitiveness has been held back by high corruption levels that penetrate every sector of the economy and the Kenyan Police force took the lead as the sector most affected by bribery as officers in the service continues to be a conduit of corruption in the country.
A weak judicial system and frequent demands for bribes by public officials, including the country’s Police force lead to increased business costs for foreign investors. Widespread tax evasion hinders Kenya’s long-term economic growth, and fraud in public procurement is rampant.
Corruption, active and passive bribery, abuse of office and bribing a foreign public official are criminalized under the Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Act 2003, in addition to the Bribery Act of 2016 which strengthens the fight against the supply-side of corruption.
Facilitation payments are criminalized and there are rules for what types of gifts public officials are allowed to accept. Adequate enforcement of Kenya’s anti-corruption framework is an issue as a result of weak and corrupt public institutions.
Meanwhile, Botswana police service was ranked the best in Africa, and polling at position 47 globally.
Rwanda was ranked second best followed by Algeria, Senegal and Tunisia at positions 58, 68 and 72 respectively.
Other top performing countries in Africa include Egypt, Burkina Faso, Ghana, South Africa and Mali.
Singapore was placed on top of the list as Finland, Denmark, Austria, Germany took the second, third, fourth and fifth position respectively.